1870 -The Florist and Pomologist: A Pictorial Monthly Magazine of Flowers, Fruits, and General Horticulture
Did you notice the word bybloemen above? Here is what it means -"Bybloemen, then, is also the name of a flower. Specifically, bybloemen are a variety of old English tulips that are “mauve to dark purple/black on a white base and generally appear elegant and restrained”. Whereas the color is often “broken” into feathered patterns,...the base cultivar is a solid, sensuously dark and rich violet." https://bybloemen.wordpress.com/
Wondering who the John Henry was that lent his name to this tulip I looked around and found this reference. If John Hepworth had read tulip history this might be the answer.
An American folk song is how I knew John Henry before this! That's why the tulip's name caught my attention :-) The great Doc Watson sings this version...